#1. Urinary Tract Infection
The most common cause of hematuria is a urinary tract infection. In these instances, red blood cells are generally accompanied by white blood cells. Women stand a much greater risk of developing a urinary tract infection than men do. In this case, the treatment involves antibiotics, and getting plenty of fluids to kill and flush the infection.
#2. Excessive Exercise
One benign cause of hematuria is excessive exercise. In this case there is really no danger to the individual, and thus there is no treatment involved. Upon repeating the test, an individual is most likely to not show any signs of hematuria, but repeating the test is necessary to rule out more pernicious causes.
#3. Kidney Stones
Kidney stones often cause hematuria because they can damage the surrounding tissue in urinary tract. They can also be quite painful. For those that suffer from kidney stones, dietary changes may need to be made, as they are likely to recur once an individual gets them if they don’t make the necessary changes to prevent their recurrence.
#4. Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD)
PKD is characterized by the abnormal growth of cysts on the kidneys. The cysts can find this do damage to the kidneys causing blood click here for more info in the urine. While there is no known cure for PKD, certain dietary restrictions have been shown to slow the progression of the disease. Some folks can lead normal lives with PKD, while others experience kidney failure between the ages of 40 and 60.
In cases where there is cancer of the bladder, kidney, or prostate, hematuria is likely. This would have to be diagnosed by medical testing.
#6. Idiopathic / No Cause Found
In some cases, no cause for the hematuria can be found. In this event, the doctor would simply keep an eye on it to make sure it isn’t something worse.
“Hematuria as a symptom is remarkably ambiguous,” says one Las Vegas kidney specialist. “We generally assume there is some kidney involvement and we start the diagnostic process from the most likely causes to the least likely. Sometimes it’s very obvious, other times it requires some digging. Usually the patient’s history is very telling in this regard. But more often than not the condition is treatable.”